Brothers Wright - the first aviators. Part 2.
In fall of 1903 both old glider and the new machine with a motor were transported to Kitty-Hawk. For facilitation of start the designers made a catapult - the initial impulse was given by the force of weight dropped from an altitude to which a towing cable was attached. For take-off and landings the machine was equipped with two skids under the lower wing. On December 14 the airplane for the first time took off, but the flight was ceased in 3 seconds because of loss of speed.
Only three days later the machine really took off. The Rights did not hurry up to give wide publicity to their experiments, even during European tour of Wilbur Right who delivered a mysterious machine to Le Man hippodrome near Paris. Certainly, the mystery which surprised the reporters so much was not only due to striving of Right senior for loneliness. He was afraid of technical plagiarism, leakage of the ideas embodied in the machine.
The European tour of Wilbur Wright lasted from August till December, 1908. The most experienced pilot, he made some sensational records of the altitude and range of flights which, however, did not stay for long. The next year (1909) was marked by a rough impact of the French competitors. Quickly having adopted the constructive ideas of transatlantic aviators and their piloting technique, the European aviators Bleriot, Farman, brothers Voisen have struck the world by surprising overflights and ascents.